MYTHOLOGY in STONE
Many prehistoric sculptures, such as those from Ecuadorian caves, show gods with helmets and facial masks. Some of the helmets are surrounded by a ring of light. - On old images, we find gods in strange suits. They are equipped with modern-looking equipment. Were there real models? The myths of nearly all cultural areas tell of godlike beings. They came from the heavens in forgotten times. On Earth, they passed their rich knowledge on to humans. Fantasy beings? Shamanistic imagination? Or were the mythological “gods” actually alien astronauts?
UFOs TODAY and YESTERDAY
Millions of people have seen UFOs. Pure utopia? This metal fragment is linked to a possible UFO crash. Its chemical composition is a mystery to scientists. Unusual finds are known from ancient times as well. This birdlike relic was found in an Egyptian grave. It does not fit into the known bird scheme. The vertical tail is more like the rudder of modern gliders. Likewise, Colombian gold miniatures show aerodynamic construction elements. However, airplane experts confirm that these do not occur in nature. Did ancient humans see unfamiliar flying machines? Were they the models for the miniatures?
THE SIRIUS MYSTERY
Many primitive peoples tell how heavenly gods visited and taught their ancestors. This is how the Dogon from the republic of Mali know astronomic details of the Sirius system. Their holy sign of iron shows the orbits of the stars Sirius B and C. Strange - the white dwarf Sirius B can only be seen with a telescope. And modern astronomy determined details only in the last century. According to our current knowledge, Sirius B takes 50 years to complete one revolution around Sirius A. Surprisingly, the Dogon have celebrated the Sirius system regularly every 50 years for generations. This is where their gods, the Nommos, are said to live. With the four metre high Sirigi masks, they imitate the landing of the gods’ ark on Earth.
Nomoli figure with metal ball and “Skystones”
At 17000 years, this unusual Nomoli figure is also the oldest. A small metal ball was hidden in a hollow space inside it. An analysis showed that it is made from chrome and steel. However, the metal ball was already in the figure when it was found. How did it get there? And much more important - where did the metal come from? - The blue “Skystones” are another mystery. A legend says: The part of the sky in which the Nomoli lived turned to stone. It splintered and fell to Earth as pieces of rock. Scientists found traces of iridium in the “Skystones”. However, there is no iridium on Earth, unless it was brought in from space by a meteorite.
The mystery of the Nomoli
When searching for diamonds in West African Sierra Leone, local people made unexpected finds: They repeatedly came across 40 to 70 cm tall stone sculptures. The origin of these so-called Nomoli is uncertain. Some were discovered at depths of 50 metres. This means that they must be about 17,000 years old. A date which does not conform to today’s archaeological knowledge. Where did the Nomoli come from? Were they left by an alien culture which disappeared long ago?
South American head miniatures of various human types.
These head miniatures from Pre-Colombia come from the university in Quito, Ecuador. They provide believable indicators for early cultural exchanges across the oceans. Their faces show noticeable features which are uncharacteristic for ancient American peoples. How could the native inhabitants of South America depict foreign facial features? Other human types were totally unknown to them. Is it truly impossible that there were excellent seafarers in ancient times? Seafarers who sailed all the way to America and left traces there? There are further indicators of such cultural contacts: Egyptian mummies in whom traces of coca leaves were found. And Indian temples with images of maize.
The Michigan Tablets
Did native inhabitants of America travel around the world? Did seafaring peoples from the Mediterranean and Asia dare to cross the oceans? Such travels seem impossible to most researchers of ancient times. And the associated early cultural contacts seem unacceptable. Many archaeological artefacts are consequently rejected or rated as “fakes”. However, Thor Heyerdahl proved with his adventurous expeditions that it can be done. - The Michigan tablets collection in Detroit, USA includes several thousand pieces. It was found around 1900 in old Native American hill graves. The engravings on them consist of unknown characters and biblical symbols. Some researchers are convinced the tablets are genuine. They theorise that Christians brought them to the American continent at the time of the Christian persecutions.
Early global cultural contacts.
The ceramics of the Valdivia settlement on the southern shores of Ecuador are among the oldest in the New World. Strangely, they are precisely like the Jomon ceramics from Japan. The similarity between the Japanese and the Ecuadorian figures and clay shards leave no doubt. There must already have been contact between the two countries 5500 years ago. Further unbelievable examples: An unusual ceramic head from South America shows an unknown priestess or queen. Her appearance is astonishingly like a famous bust of pharaohess Nefertiti. Furthermore, some historians theorise that the Olmeken culture in Central America was influenced by Chinese and African immigrants. And how does a tiny Easter Island statue reach Pre-Colombia? There are more than 4000 kilometres between Easter Island and Colombia.
The Comalcalco exhibits and the phenomenon of skull deformations.
The Maya ruins of Comalcalco in Mexico have a very special feature: the ceremonial buildings are made from fired clay bricks. In terms of appearance, colour and style, they are just like ancient Roman bricks. Many of the bricks contain graffiti which has not yet been deciphered. What is baffling is that these images recall the “shell writing” from India. - Another indicator for early cultural contacts is found in similarities in cultural customs. The bizarre cult of ritual skull deformation can be found in many cultures in pre-historic times. In ancient Egypt, in the entire Orient, in China, and in South America. This custom is even documented in Eastern Austria by finds from the 5th century.
The magical crystal heads.
Skulls made from crystal and gems are among the most astonishing artefacts ever discovered. They seem surprisingly modern and naturalistic. Little is known of their origins, the methods with which they were made, and their age. “E.T” stands in the centre - a bizarre head from smoke quartz which was discovered in Guatemala in 1908. Scientists have proven that it is at least 500 years old. It was precisely worked by manual grinding and polishing. Technically, the process is unbelievably time-consuming. The skull on the left, the aquamarine head “Oceana”, comes from South America. Beside it is the “Shui Ting Er” of light green gemstone from Mongolia. And then an Inca skull out of lapis lazuli. To the right of “E.T.” stands “The Jesuit” made of a clear piece of quartz crystal. The rose quartz skull “Baby Luv” is from Ukraine. And finally, “Magnificent Fire” from red jasper.
The disc of Phaistos and other writing mysteries.
Lost cultures used writing systems which we have been unable to decode to the present day. The texts of the famous disc of Phaistos have still not been convincingly translated. It is still one of the most mysterious objects of the Minoan culture. - The 160 “Rongorongo” signs of the Easter Islanders are similarly undecipherable. Besides, they are identical with the characters of the 5000 year old Harappa culture in Pakistan. - In America, hundreds of stones with curious engravings have been discovered. Their inscriptions are interpreted as Viking runes. They still have not been translated. - And the stone tablet from Oaxaca, Mexico: It is theorised that its inscriptions are ancient Chinese and Hebrew. - Numerous black stones with unknown characters were found in Colombia as well. And some pieces from the Father Crespi collection feature symbols resembling a strange alphabet. What would all those old texts tell us if we knew how to read them?
The secret of Burrows’ Cave.
In 1982, American Russell Burrows discovered strange stones in the American state of Illinois. He collected these and hundreds of other engraved stones from a subterranean tunnel system. They show depictions which are reminiscent of diverse cultures. Even more treasures are said to be hidden in the cave. Sarcophagi, mummified bodies, and grave finds from pure gold. But so far, Burrows has stubbornly refused to name the precise location of the cave. Nevertheless, researchers have meanwhile been able to locate the secret place with metal detectors and ground radar. The sceptics among them assume deception. Or is one of the most spectacular archaeological discoveries in store for us?
Precise measuring instruments from ancient America.
Are many modern achievements merely “rediscoveries” from earlier times? Calculating boards prove that the Incas and their ancestors already had an elaborate counting and information system. We know that the Maya were genius master architects. But they not only built ingenious observatories. They also had a precise calendar system. And their tiniest measuring units could certainly compete with modern electronic measuring instruments. These scales, which are unique in the world, were found in Mexico. They consist of altogether 312 parts. The 289 semi-precious stones were used as weights. The units range from 3 kg down to 0.28 grams. This precise measuring instrument was probably used to weigh natural medicines.
Prehistoric high-tech tools.
We regard many legacies from ancient peoples with stunned fascination. This also applies to these finely worked utensils out of silicic slate. They were initially classified as “cult objects”. But precise analyses showed that they were high-tech tools. A Pre-Colombian people used them for especially filigreed work. The tools are unbelievably refined and precise. In their handling, they are even more perfect than many items which are in use today. Mathematical rules of design are precisely mirrored in their shape. The relics were found in Sutatausa, an archaeologically almost unexplored area of Colombia. A number of black stones with mysterious characters also come from this area. Who were the ingenious creators? And what did they write down?
The Light of the Pharaoh
Electrical power in ancient Egypt? We find indicators of this in the Hathor temple of Dendera in Egypt. Reliefs show insulator-like columns. They support large, long structures in which wavelike snakes are shown. What is baffling is that the depictions show an exact similarity to depictions of electrical discharges. Surprisingly, the texts of Dendera also contain technical data and segments which can be linked with the electricity hypothesis. In 1981, the Viennese electrical expert Walter Garn constructed this functional model in accordance with the Pharaonic models. Many egyptologists reject the technological interpretation of the Dendera relief. But are ancient tales of “eternally burning lamps” really the stuff of legends?
Ancient mechanics & mysterious stonework.
More than 5000 year old granite shapes show perfect geometric contours. Were they worked out of the hard stone by machinery, with a template? The small table from the Amazon area is made from the hardest granite. And what is the purpose of this precision even in the prehistoric stone balls? In Costa Rica, such balls were discovered in different sizes, up to 16 tons in weight. Long stones from Ecuador turned out to be one of the oldest musical stone instruments. The stone with the three faces is a stroke of genius. When it is turned, it seems that the mouths are moving. A mechanical purpose is theorised to be behind a mysterious artefact which was excavated in 1917 in lower Egypt. Judging by its appearance, the 2200 year old relic may have been used as a hydraulic turbine.
Fertility symbolism from Pre-Colombia.
In Colombia, numerous unusual discoveries were made about surprising biological knowledge. Scientists attribute this knowledge to the ancestors of the Muisca or Chibcha. They once lived in the savannah of Bogotá. Up to 7 metre high monoliths in phallic form were part of an astronomical centre 3000 years ago. They are also symbols of fertility and life. Many more sculptures were found in this region. They show motifs which, from an anthropological perspective, were the focus of cultic fertility ceremonies and the worship of mother deities.
The “embryological disc”.
The “embryological disc” is one of the most interesting pieces from South America. The front and back show relief-type image symbols. One thesis states that they show the evolution from an amphibian to a human. Medical experts agree: Decisive developmental stages of human life can be identified. The eyes, which lie far to the outside with all head structures, and the wide nose segment speak in favour of this. These features are characteristic for an early embryonic head structure. But from what time is the disc? Geologists at the University of Bogotá date it to a prehistoric epoch. The most recent examinations were unable to find evidence of faking. Could the strange find come from a lost advanced culture? Was their knowledge equal to ours?
Birthing instruments and fertility stones.
The perfect form of a miniature sculpture from black stone is baffling: A figure sits in a type of “easy chair”. The scene reminds us of a visit to the dentist. Indeed, many relics actually prove the good medical knowledge of Pre-Colombian peoples with detailed images. A stone spoon shows the head of a child appearing during birth. And the images on a knife are even more striking. It may have been used for Caesarean sections. Or does the handle show how a foetus’ umbilical cord is cut? Final clarity about the origins and meaning of these finds can be brought only by further scientific research.
The black stones of Bolivia.
The ruin site of Tiahuanaco lies at 4000 metres’ elevation in Bolivia. The gigantic expanse of rubble points to mysterious buildings and colossal statues. The “sun gate” is probably the most impressive among them. - Also in Bolivia, archaeologists discovered graves of human skeletons of gigantic proportions. Numerous odd-looking masks, musical instruments, tobacco pipes and other items are also of great importance to science. All are decorated with striking engravings and show the same black coloration. So far, it has not been possible to assign the artefacts to any known style. However, they display similarities to the ancient Italian culture of the Etruscans.
Unknown production technique and musical instruments with foreign acoustics.
Broken parts reveal another secret. The relics seem to be made from black stone. In fact, they are black clay, which is coated with a glaze. The production technique used is unknown. Scientists theorise that the black mass was shaped at extremely high temperatures. - Pan flutes of stone hold another mystery. Thus far, they have been known only from ancient China. Music experts acoustically tested the stone flutes. They obtained notes of an alien musical scale. The sounds of the small flute are comparable to sounds made by dolphins. Tests with the larger instrument create a particularly great resonance in the flute player.
The Ica Stones of Peru
The stones of Ica include approximately 11,000 engraved relics. They are said to have been found in a dried-up river bed on the Nazca plain. Other objects, as well as thousands of scurrilous clay figures, are said to have been discovered in a secret subterranean tunnel. The motifs show fable beings of all types, unknown landscapes, operations and especially dinosaurs. The collection has attracted attention far beyond the borders of Peru, even though scientists strongly doubt that the pieces are genuine. Dr. Javier Cabrera sheltered the artefacts in his private museum. When he died in 2002, he took the secret of the controversial collection to his grave. The necessary reliable examination is very difficult, since local artists have been producing masses of false engraved stones for decades.
“Ralph”, the unknown creature.
In 1990, American Frank Pryor made a macabre find in Oklahoma, USA. He discovered this skeleton. He was unable to assign it to a particular animal, and took it home. Fourteen examinations at American universities followed, with confusing results. Despite laboratory tests and DNA analyses, no clear zoological assignment was possible. Austrian anthropologists and forensic medical experts are convinced: judging by the dental structure, it is most likely a calf. Anatomists, however, claim that the bone fragments are part of a two-legged creature. In this connection, unusual observations have been made in the area where the skeleton was found. Descriptions are reminiscent of the cryptic animal Chupacabra. This fable creature is a firm part of Latin American folklore. However, in Puerto Rico, Texas, Florida and Mexico, there are growing numbers of reports on encounters with the unknown creature.
Acambaro figures & Anasazi vase with dinosaur motif.
Acambaro lies to the north-west of Mexico City. Innumerable scurrilous clay figures and everyday objects have been found here since 1944. Their origins are controversial. Datings of their age point far back into prehistory. The meaning of their motifs is unclear as well. They often show unknown races of humans and dinosaur-like creatures. Archaeologists are sceptical. It seems just too fantastic. Could humans and dinosaurs share a part of time? How else did these creatures find their way into the art of ancient cultures? - The depiction of dragons is known with many peoples. A particularly impressive example is the vase from the North American Anasazi culture.
Human tracks from dinosaur times. Humans developed only in the last 4 to 6 million years. This corresponds to our scientific knowledge today. But how do giant human footprints fit into this picture? They were found in the bed of the Paluxy River in Texas, USA? Many finds in the past 200 years do not match any known pattern: In Oklahoma, USA, this iron cup was discovered in an ancient lump of charcoal rock. These bone segments were found in Colombia. They come from a rock plate which is more than 100 million years old. Are they human fingers? How do the fossilised fingers from the American state of Texas fit into our view of the world? And who cultivated the fruit 100 million years ago? Their remnants were found in an Ecuadorian monastery.
A shoeprint & hammer from ancient times. This fossilised print of a shoe sole was found in the American state of Utah in 1968. A crushed trilobite is lying on the print. How did it get onto the shoeprint? These ancient crustaceans died out some 230 million years ago. Is it possible that the sole imprint is older? That is impossible according to our current understanding of the history of Earth. - The best-known item from the gallery of scurrilous finds in the history of Earth is the “hammer from Texas”. At its discovery in 1832, it was completely enclosed in limestone. Geologists are certain: The hammer must be of the same age as the rock layer. However, they estimate the age of the rock at 140 million years. No human life existed at that time. Or did it? Sceptics have their own possible solution: The “hammer from Texas” was lost by a mine worker in the 19th century. But nevertheless it is a mystery: How did the hammer become enclosed in sedimentary rock so quickly?
Fossils which do not fit into the pattern.
In Pennsylvania, USA, a collection of human bones was found over 20 years ago. The skull plates and skulls were in a 280 million year old layer of charcoal rock. How did such bones get into this geological layer? Journalist Ed Conrad tries to find out. But he could not convince any scientists to make detailed examinations of the unusual finds. Oddly shaped rock fossils are among the strangest of the controversial objects. They are reminiscent of a gall bladder, a liver, fingers, toes, a human lower jaw and the top of a skull. A 250 kilogram rock stands out. Its surface contours correspond to those of a fossilised human skull. Judging by the dimensions, it would have belonged to a giant.
The giant bones from Ecuador.
The myths of all peoples tell of giants with superhuman strength. Most scientists doubt that there are real foundations for this. But a find from Ecuador might point to the existence of an unknown early race of giants. A collection of giant bones was found in the estate of the late Father Carlos Vaca. Anatomists identified one of them as the back of a human skull. They believe that another bone may be part of a human heel. Judging by its size, it would have belonged to a giant human or primate. In its lifetime, it would have been an unbelievable 7.50 metres tall. Mystery Park succeeded in completing a hypothetical reconstruction of this giant. Did more creatures than the dinosaurs die out 65 million years ago? Did the giants fall victim to the huge climatic catastrophe as well?
The dating dilemma.
Datings are uncertain. Various examples show this. Prehistoric tools from the North American Kaw River show similarities to European stone tools. However, geologists date their age up to 200,000 years. - In a 400,000 year old volcanic layer in Hueyatlaco, Mexico, older relics were found as well. - And the Coxca collection is no less mysterious. The Mexican artefacts originate from the largest battlefield in American history. About one million people died. Yet we know almost nothing about the warring parties. - The 4000 year old skull finds are an anthropological headache as well. They come from a prehistoric pygmy culture from Kansas, USA. Who were all the strangers? Where did they come from?
Energetic acupressure stones & whistling instruments .
In Chile’s Atacama desert, mummies aged up to 9000 years were discovered. These whistling instruments made from hard volcanic rock lay beside them. Archaeologists theorise that they were used in meditative trance experiments. Strange: artefacts which produce exactly the same sounds are known from California and Oregon in North America - one indication that there were trade relations between North and South America in ancient times. - The acupressure stones were also found with the Chilean mummies. The correct acupressure points are worked into the stone, which is shaped like the sole of a foot. How odd. Did this medical knowledge reach South America thousands of years ago from Asia? Another example speaks in favour of an early link between Asia and South America: The DNA of the mummies is identical to the DNA of the original inhabitants of Japan, who live on Hokkaido today.
Giant axes and magical stones.
These giant stone tools were found in Ecuador. Due to their size, these relics were interpreted as “cultic axes” and “cultic knives”. They are said to have served ceremonial purposes. Things which are not understood are often titled “anthropomorphic art” or “cultic objects“. This includes devil and vampire faces just as much as “energy stones” from Colombia. Shamans are said to be able to activate hidden energies in them. This is how they gain access to the world of ghosts and demons. The stones really do have an energy source. Measurements with magnetometers have confirmed this. - We do not know whether archaeological anomalies actually came from lost prehistoric civilisations. But this is precisely why scientists should participate in the clarification of these unsolved mysteries. For our view of the world is only real if the seemingly impossible, too, has its place in it.